cases of nouns
an idea of Tom’s
Unfortunately there are quite a few patterns of noun declension. Nouns of different genders and endings decline differently; plural nouns also have their rules and exceptions. Moreover, there are variations in the pattern for the nouns that end in -a given above (besides a change in the ending, other letters may drop out, appear or change). Yes, it is complicated, but you really don’t have to know it all now. At this point it is important to know that cases exist and how they are manifested.
Although we’ll review verbs a bit later, the important thing is to remember that when you use a verb (e.g., see) and want to use a noun with it (e.g., see a girl), ideally you should know what case that noun has to be in. Therefore cases are not only about memorizing the correct endings, but also knowing what verbs (and prepositions!) they go with. You should try to memorize verb-noun combinations rather than single words and pay attention to cases of nouns that follow this or that verb (preposition) whenever you can figure it out.
- The two people in charge of the symposium, Micki and I , will help pay for the damages. (where “Micki and I” renames the subject, “two people”)
- Nobody in the auditorium, not even he , expected that a riot would break out. (where “he” agrees with the subject “nobody”)
- My favorite professors, Dr. Pepin and she , gave interesting talks. (where “she” corresponds to the subject “professors”)
- Great Grandmother Etherea left her money to her favorite people, Jayden and me . (where “me” agrees with the object of the preposition “people”)
- The bank credited two different groups, the Stamp Club and us , with making deposits on the same day. (where “us” agrees with the object “groups”)
When the personal pronoun follows except, but, than, or as, you’ve got an argument on your hands. Traditionally, these words have been regarded as conjunctions and the personal pronoun that follows has been regarded as the subject of a clause (which might not be completed). Thus “No one could be as happy as I .” (If you provide the entire mechanism of the clause “as I [am]” you see the justification for the subject form.) The same goes for these other conjunctions: “Whom were you expecting? who else but he ?” “My father is still taller than she ” [than she is].
4. Possessive case (Genitive case):
How do you feel about this Noun-Cases?
But when you have a plural noun that ends in s, add just the apostrophe. This is also true when you have a proper noun that’s plural.
If you have a compound noun (for example, when you’re talking about two people who jointly own one thing), change only the last noun to the possessive. The examples below illustrate this usage of the possessive case.
“Me,” “her,” “him,” “us,” and “them” are pronouns often used in the objective case.
Nouns and pronouns appear in the subjective (also known as the nominative) case when they take the form of the sentence’s subject or when they are used as predicate nouns. Predicate nouns are preceded by forms of the verb “be” re-identifying the subject in a new way. For example:
“M e,” “us,” “him,” “her,” “them” and “whom” are the forms reserved for use as objectsof verbs or prepositions.
Most nouns, many indefinite pronouns and “it” and“you” have distinctive forms only for the possessive case. For most nouns and indefinite pronouns, that form usually is indicated by an apostrophe: John’s coat; states’ powers; someone’s house; another’s task. For “it.” the possessive is formed by adding “s”; for “you” the possessive is formed by adding “r” or “rs” to the word.
The pronoun cases are simple though. There are only three:-
First more good news. You cannot really go wrong here, we got rid of most of our cases and as a result English is easier than many other languages because nouns and some indefinite pronouns (anyone, someone, everyone, and so on) only have a distinctive case form for the possessive. There are a few remnants of old English though, and pronouns have distinctive forms in all three cases and should be used with a bit more care.
6. The prepositional case is used to designate a place, or a person (object) that is an object of speech and thought. This case is always used with a preposition.
3. The dative case designates that something is given or addressed to the person (object).
To find the Accusative put, Whom? or What? before the verb and its subject.
The Predicate contains the verb threw.