feminine nouns

feminine nouns, Language Skills Abroad
Most feminine nouns ending in – ь do not have specific markers which could be used to distingish them from masculine nouns ending in – ь .
– Some indeclinable nouns denoting nonliving objects the grammatical gender of which depends on the gender of Russian generic words denoting the relevant class.

feminine nouns, Language Skills Abroad
Please review nouns in the following table paying special attention to their endings (blue letters) or lack of such. Remember that a grammatical ending is the last letter or syllable that changes depending on its connection with other words in the sentence. Nouns in their basic form (you will learn other forms later) have only one-vowel endings (one last letter) or no changeable endings at all.
Your rule of thumb can be that feminine nouns normally end in a/я, masculines have bare consonants at the end (no changeable endings), and usual neuter endings are e/o. However, you’ve seen that feminine nouns can also end with a bare consonant and я can be the ending of neuters. In fact, a/я can also be the endings of masculine nouns, in particular, names (e.g., a man’s name Мик o ла), but these nouns are not many. Again, for best results you should consult the dictionary and learn the gender of a noun when you learn the noun itself.

  1. Inanimate nouns (i.e. not denoting humans or animals) in the accusative plural have the same form as in the nominative plural. In the above chart these are marked with an asterisk (*).
  2. Nouns whose stems end in ж, ч, ш, щ belong to the mixed group, and, as the name suggests, have some hard and some soft endings.
  3. Before an ending in і,

    к changes to ц :вчителька – вчительці, ріка – ріці , виставка – виставці

г changes to з :допомога – допомозі , колега – колезі , увага – увазі .

  • In closed syllables (in feminine nouns this occurs in the genitive plural) о changes to і : школа – шкіл , нога – ніг.
  • Masculine nouns which have a feminine grammatical form decline like feminine nouns , e.g. Микола, Олекса, колега, п’яниця, папа ( римський ) , etc .
  • Personal names which end in a consonant + я have the ending ю in the vocative, e.g. Оля – Олю!, Зеня – Зеню!, Ганнуся – Ганнусю!, Володя – Володю!
  • feminine nouns, Language Skills Abroad
    Nearly all countries that end in -e are feminine.

    • la chimie – chemistry
    • l’histoire – history
    • la langue – language
      Exceptions: le droit (law) and specific languages

    Many nouns that refer to people’s roles and jobs can be used for either a masculine or a feminine subject, like for example cousin, teenager, teacher, doctor, student, friend, colleague
    In general there is no distinction between masculine, feminine in English nouns. However, gender is sometimes shown by different forms or different words when referring to people or animals.

    Resources:

    http://www.ukma.edu.ua/eng/ufl/lesson4.htm
    http://www.ukrainianlanguage.org.uk/read/unit06/page6-4.htm
    http://www.lawlessfrench.com/grammar/feminine-nouns/
    http://www.ef.com/ca/english-resources/english-grammar/noun-gender/
    http://classes.kvcc.edu/pcherpas/COM101/major/Introductory.htm