fourth in order or level
M. C. Escher’s pictures illustrate some relevant issues.
- Some human knowledge is tacit rather than descriptive or declarative .
- Embodied knowledge is an example of knowledge distributed within, and across a network
- It is something we may say we ‘know’, but it exists at a level that cannot be described.
- Saying that we know how to ride a bicycle is not saying the ‘knowing’ itself.
- When I am riding, my body uses knowledge that cannot be described in words.
- Nevertheless I may sit quietly and meditate on what it was like to ride a bicycle.
- When I do so my attention focuses inwards and distracts me from events around me.
- Conversely, when in a difficult task (e.g. winning a cycle race) I soon forget the ‘inner’ me.
- This illustrates that systems appear to have distinct ‘inner’ and ‘outer’ realities.
[secure site, no need to create account]
Please join the Simons Foundation and our generous member organizations in supporting arXiv during our giving campaign September 23-27. 100% of your contribution will fund improvements and new initiatives to benefit arXiv’s global scientific community.
Planning for the report began in early 2015 with a prospectus developed in the summer of that year. That was followed by the development of process guidance and the naming of author teams. Writing began in April 2016 and an initial draft was made available for public comment in December 2016. A series of technical expert reviews were conducted throughout the report’s development. SGCR was responsible for its final clearance and, ultimately, its public release.
Below you will find information related to Volumes I and II of NCA4, including background information and frequently asked questions about the report development process.
You can also purchase online an Individual or Institutional Subscription to this journal or buy one or more printed volumes.
- online access to all articles in the current volume
- a print copy of the current volume
3. Member States shall ensure that a consolidated review of their statistics is published.
When applying this Directive, it is appropriate to take account of the characteristics and needs of smaller obliged entities which fall under its scope, and to ensure treatment which is appropriate to their specific needs, and the nature of the business.