this idea of Tom’s
an idea of Tom’s
Thank for your reply, Nigel!
He is a school principal (a principal of school ). — Він директор школи .
There is a simple rule here that seems to work very well, at least in writing. Ask yourself what pronoun form you would use without adding the other person “Grandma left me her rocking chair” (coming up with the correct form for the indirect object ) and then, when you add the other person, don’t change the form of the pronoun: “Grandma left Jayden and me her rocking chair.”
Many grammarians have argued, however, that these words are often used as prepositions , not conjunctions (and have been used that way for centuries by many good writers). In a structure such as “My mother is a lot like her ,” we have no trouble recognizing that “like” is acting as a preposition and we need the object form of the pronoun after it. Why, then, can’t we use “than” and “but” as prepositions in sentences such as “Dad’s a lot taller than him ” and “No one in this class has done the homework but me “? Such usage is now widely regarded as acceptable in all but the most formal writing. The same argument is sometimes used for the object form after as “The coach is not as smart as me” but this argument does not enjoy the cogency of using the object form after but and than.
Exercise 3.Without looking at the table, try to remember the names of cases you have used in exercise 2.
Let’s take a look at specific examples. We will decline the noun сестр а (sister). Please note how the endings change and pay attention to the verbs and prepositions that govern (i.e., require, regulate) the case of the noun.
Mark threw his father the football.
Nouns are considered possessive when they are used to show ownership of something. They will sometimes use an apostrophe, but this is not always the case. Pronouns can also be used in the possessive case, as in ‘his backpack’ or ‘her purse’.
The king is the son of Eleanor of Aquitaine.
Son is a noun in the subjective case because it is the complement of the being verb is.
Old English had five cases: nominative, accusative, genitive, dative, and instrumental.
The allative case is mostly used to denote movement towards the noun. For inanimate nouns the allative case is formed by adding the suffix /-aan/ to the stem of the noun. For animate nouns the allative is formed with the suffix /-(s)aan/ for singular and the suffix /-(s)ea/ for plural.
- When a noun functions as a starting point of an action
Kisha jadi krazaajoon. — “We come from the mountain.”
- When a noun functions as a beginning of a time period
Anha ray ayol arrekoon kisha jado jinne. — “I have waited since when we arrived here.”
- In zero copula sentences in past tense the predicate argument is in ablative case.
Anha koalakoon. — “I was a healer.”
- When a noun functions and a possessor of an inalienable possession
Jano ost qoraes lajakoon. — “A dog bit warrior’s hand.”
- Some prepositions assign ablative
Lajak addriv mae yomme chomoon. — “The warrior killed him despite of the respect.”
- Some verbs assign ablative as a special object case
Jolino nir chelsianoa. — “The pot was full of locusts.”Mahrazhkem asovahanaz lajakoa. — “The husband was the fattest of the warriors.”
• The painter paints the portraits.
The painter is a common noun in Nominative case.
1. Nominative case:
1. Subjective case: pronouns used as subject.
2. Objective case: pronouns used as objects of verbs or prepositions.
3. Possessive case: pronouns which express ownership.
The pronoun cases are simple though. There are only three:-
Only masculine and feminine singulars have a separate form.
- Indicates the subject of a sentence.
- Gosia pisze książkę. – Gosia is writing a book. (Gosia in nominative because she is the subject of the sentence)
- Used for most lone adjectives and sentences of the type “To jest X”.
- Piotr jest przystojny. – Piotr is handsome. (przystojny is in the nominative)
- To jest moja żona. – This is my wife. (moja żona is in the nominative)